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Fri Mar 05 2010, 03:01PM

Registered Member #1
Joined: Tue Jul 17 2007, 02:46PM
Posts: 3698
Brave North Carolina Patriots

“In the battle (Gettysburg) of the first day, Captain Tuttle’s company (of the 26th North Carolina) went into action with 3 officers and 84 men; all of the officers and 83 of the men were killed or wounded. On the same day, and in the same (Pettigrew’s) brigade, Company C of the 11th North Carolina lost 2 officers killed and 34 of 38 men killed or wounded. Captain Bird of this company, with the 4 remaining men, participated in the charge of the 3rd of July (Pickett’s) and of these the flag-bearer was shot, and the Captain brought out the flag itself. The loss of the 26th North Carolina at Gettysburg was the severest regimental loss during the whole war.”

(Deaths in the Confederate Army, Confederate Veteran Magazine, page 434.)

(used with Permission)
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Tue Feb 12 2019, 05:51PM

Registered Member #1
Joined: Tue Jul 17 2007, 02:46PM
Posts: 3698
North Carolina Patriots of ’61 – Representative James Madison Leach of Randolph County

While Jefferson Davis of Mississippi pleaded in the United States Senate for his elected colleagues to help save the Union in January, 1861, Congressman James M. Leach pleaded in the House of Representatives for peaceful settlement of the secession crisis, and rightly pointed to the North’s responsibility for the condition of the country. His respected desire for peace underscores the fact that North Carolina was indeed a “State forced out of the Union.”

Leach, born on his family homestead in Randolph County, “Lansdowne,” graduated from Caldwell Institute in Greensboro, and from West Point in 1838. Studying the profession of law afterward, he was admitted to the North Carolina bar in 1842 and opened his practice in Lexington. He was elected to the Thirty-sixth Congress from North Carolina and served from March 4, 1859 until March 3, 1861.

During the War, Leach served as captain and lieutenant-colonel of the Twenty-first North Carolina Regiment and saw action during Stonewall Jackson’s Valley Campaign, the Peninsula Campaign under General Robert E. Lee, and Gettysburg where his regiment assaulted Cemetery Hill. He later served in the Confederate States Congress in 1864 and 1865. Leach died in Lexington on June 1, 1891 and is interred in Hopewell Cemetery, near Trinity, North Carolina.

The South Needs Constitutional Guarantees to Remain in the Union:

“[The] North Carolina representatives in the Senate and House of the United States Congress were struggling with the problem of peace. Representative Warren Winslow, on January 22 [1861], “by unanimous consent, presented to the House the proceedings of a meeting by the citizens of Columbia, North Carolina, in reference to the condition of the country.” It was promptly “laid on the table.” Representative James M. Leach [stated that the] “Lexington [North Carolina] citizens had approved resolutions designed to lead to “a settlement of our national troubles….based on the Crittenden propositions.” Leach urged the House to read and consider the resolution “with the hope that North Carolina might be in some degree instrumental in effecting an adjustment of our difficulties.”

Winslow said he was willing to exert all of his power to effect a suitable settlement to preserve the Union, but in his judgment “no patched up compromise, no alleviating and palliating remedy” was either just or prudent. He said he did not subscribe to the dogma that the Union should be preserved “at all hazards.’

With reference to the reluctance with which North Carolina ratified the original Constitution of the United States, he said North Carolina was thus reluctant because it feared the consequences “which have sadly been realized.” When it did come into the Union it came with loyal purposes to adhere to its obligations, and would then take course which her honor, interest and obligation to the other States justified.

James M. Leach, in a State of the Union message on February 7, said…Unless there was a return to the obligations of the Constitution, however, and a recognition of the equality of all the States and a guarantee of the rights of the South by the people of the North, he said peace could not be preserved. He pleaded with the House to join him and so legislate as to bring the rebellious States back into the Union.

Leach [said what] was needed were such guarantees as would satisfy the Border States and induce them not only to remain in the Union, but to exert their good offices as mediators between the extremes of both sections. By following this course….Leach believed the border States would “endeavor to influence those [seceded] States to remain in the Union, but if a coercive policy is adopted [by the administration], all is lost.”

(North Carolina in 1861, James H. Boykin, Bookman Associates, 1961, pp. 149-152)
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Wed Feb 20 2019, 08:41PM

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Joined: Tue Jul 17 2007, 02:46PM
Posts: 3698
Invincible Bravery in Grey

From: bernhard1848©att.net

American Southerners believed the invader of their land inferior and recalled that Hannibal had destroyed more than 90 percent of a vastly superior Roman army; Frederick the Great defeating an army twice the size of his in 1757; and Zachary Taylor defeating 15,000 Mexicans at Buena Vista in 1847 with 5,000 troops. Historian Bell Wiley noted “Indeed, it is doubtful that any people ever went to war with greater enthusiasm than did Confederates in 1861.”

Bernhard Thuersam, Chairman
North Carolina War Between the States Sesquicentennial Commission
"The Official Website of the North Carolina WBTS Sesquicentennial"

Invincible Bravery in Grey:

“General Robert E. Lee had decided to disregard the advice of a division commander [to] assault the strong Federal position [at Malvern Hill]. For the task he selected country boys and men from the Deep South….together with regiments from North Carolina and Virginia. These were proud soldiers, even a bit cocky now because for nearly a week they had been pushing Yankees back….[the enemy general] thought they came on with “a reckless disregard for life….with a determination to capture our army, or destroy it.”

At Sharpsburg a Federal remembered that the advance of his unit was stopped by a “long and steady line of rebel gray….sweeping down through the woods.” Another Northerner recounted the “invincible bravery” of the attacking Confederates and how his regiment “opened a withering, literally withering, fire on the rebels….but they still advanced. A color-bearer came forward within fifteen yards of our line, and with the utmost desperation waved a rebel flag in front of him.

Our men fairly roared, “Shoot the man with the flag! And he went down in a twinkling and the flag was not raised in sight again. Several charges at Sharpsburg cost the Twenty-sixth North Carolina Regiment 62 percent of its 325 men. One company lost all but 5 of its 30 men; two-thirds of the men and all of the officers in another company were killed or wounded.

The South lost 175,000 soldiers in the first twenty-seven months of combat. This number was more than the entire Confederate military service in the summer of 1861 and it far exceeded the strength of any army that Lee ever commanded. More than 80,000 Southerners fell in just five battles. At Gettysburg, 3 out of every 10 Confederates present were hit; one brigade lost 65 percent of its men and 70 percent of its field officers in a single charge.

A North Carolina regiment started the action with some 800 men; only 216 survived unhurt. Another unit lost two-thirds of its men as well as its commander in a brief assault.”

(Attack and Die, Civil War Military Tactics and the Southern Heritage, Grady McWhiney and Perry Jamieson, University of Alabama Press, 1982, pp. 3-5)
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