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Southern Heritage Advancement Preservation and Education :: Forums :: Military Units :: The 7th Mississippi Infantry Regt.
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From William Hadskey's report-- The men of Co. A.
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Mon Jan 30 2023, 04:49AM Quote

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Joined: Tue Jul 17 2007, 02:46PM
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Conflict of the 1860's

The Seventh Mississippi Regiment

The Seventh Mississippi was one of the original eight regiments called into state service under the first call for troops from Mississippi on March 9, 1861. The various companies were being enrolled from April to August and were mustered by various officers including Brigadier-General H.R. C1ark, a physician who had lived in Franklin County; Ms. The Seventh was a pleasing designation in Franklin County, as that had been the designation of Franklin County troops in territorial days.

The companies were moved to Natchez, where they “boarded ships to the guff coast”. In late August or early September. It was intended by Governor John J. Pettus that the Seventh would become one of three regiments and a battalion for coast defense. It was organized on September 25, 1861, with headquarters at Bay St. Louis. The companies were scattered to Camp Goode at Shieldsboro, Camp Clark at Bay St. Louis and at Pass Christian. During this time, it was quite easy for a man to go home and join another regiment, or just go home. The men suffered from camp fever, pneumonia and measles. It is hard for us to believe today, but many died of the measles.

There was a high wind and rain the night of October 31, 1861, in which many records were ruined. During this period, if a man was ill two months, he as usually discharged.

The regiment was ordered to join the Army of Tennessee and left by railroad cars. There was a railroad collision at Ponchatoula, Louisiana on February 27, 1862, with heavy loss of life. Incidentally there was a later railroad collision in Alabama in1863, with minor losses. The unit participated at Shiloh with an undetermined killed and wounded. Some records are incomplete, but it is believed many who died shortly after Shiloh of typhoid fever were actually dying of wounds, which induced fever. Some were also wounded and killed in the defense lines at Corinth.

At Mumfordville, Kentucky (called Mumsfordville in Confederate Records), the regiment was heavily engaged in the area called Fort Craig. The old men and boys were discharged at Barbstown, Kentucky and all foreign nationals that wanted a discharge. From this date until the end of the war, the regiment was nearly continually on the line participating in various skirmishes and actively engaged at Murfreesboro, Tn., Chickamauga, Ga., Missionary Ridge, Tn. and in 1863 Atlanta campaign. They were actively engaged at Kennesaw Mountain, Marietta, Rasaca and in two battles at Atlanta on July 22nd and 28th, 1863. They fought at Jonesboro and in the Tennessee campaign At Franklin and Nashville. Many men were wounded and sent to various hospitals (official regimental musters have been found after August1864). It was found that at the end of the hostilities, men were scattered from Mississippi to North Carolina. We are more familiar with the men of Company A, B and K who were wholly or partially enlisted from Franklin County. It was found that many were discharged and later joined other infantry artillery or cavalry units. Although we have not made a complete study of the other companies, we feel that the same trend occurred in those units. Pension records in Franklin County show that some men were wounded at places that were not shown by Confederate records.

The most influential men of the counties made up the officers and non-commissioned officer corps, i.e. the State Representatives, County Officials and rich planters. Most of the men were farmers but the butcher, the baker, the cobbler and everybody and his brother went.

In the company records listed below which contain a list of all of the men of Companies A thru K, we will leave out most hospital records, ages of the men, and special duty such as teamster etc. Some men were wounded three and four times, suffered imprisonment possibly twice, and had numerous adventures. We have culled this material and will only mention one, two or possibly three facts about each man.


Lieut. Colonel A. G. Mills- Apr. 24—Aug. 16, 1862; returned to 9th regiment
Quarter Master S E Rumble — detached service Dec. 1863
Assistant Surgeon L H Cohen — Sept.—Dec. 1863; to 24th Miss
Assistant Surgeon Alfred W. Perry — transferred to Macon, Ga.
Assistant Surgeon William W Moore — captured at Murfreesboro
Assistant Surgeon Thomas Turner — transferred to 41st Miss

Powers Confederate Cavalry, 14th Confederate Cavalry,
23rd Cavalry Battalion, Darden’s Artillery, Youngblood’s Signal Corps, 2nd Battalion State Troops, Co. E 4th Louisiana, 1st Mississippi Artillery, 3rd Confederate Engineers, 9th Battalion of Miss Sharpshooters, 2nd Militia

• Indicates someone whom we feel was not a member of the 7th Mississippi but the person named is found on the microfilm records of the unit.


Company A 7th Mississippi, “Franklin Rifles”, enlisted April 25, 1861 and were mustered by Brigadier General M. B. Clark at Camp Clark, Franklin Co. Ms on April 29, 1861. The men drilled on the Samuel Swayzie Montgomery plantation, then called encampment Camp Minerva after Minerva Herrington, the sister of Lieutenant F. C. Herrington, prior to going to the Mississippi Gulf Coast.


Captain William J. Proby not -elected; reenlisted and killed at Atlanta; served as Lieutenant Colonel and Provost Marshal of Franklin County in 1862.
1st Lt. William M. Porter — resigned as Captain due to month’s illness; Co. I, 14th Confederate Cavalry
2nd Lt. Pinckney Cotesworth Herrington - not re-elected; became Lt. Col. of Cavalry
3rd Lt. Adolphus Brown — resigned Dec. 1861; enlisted Co. B 14th Confederate Cavalry
1st Sergeant James M Lowe — not mustered; joined Darden’s Artillery school teacher.
2nd Sergeant Jacob R Sample — surrendered in North Carolina; a physician
3rd Sergeant George lmes — promoted to 1st Lt. transferred to Co. K; born in Va.
4th Sergeant Dewitt Clinton Graham — did not muster; State Representative; joined 23rd Cavalry
5th Sergeant Thomas Samuel Cotton — became captain; disabled from wounds at Atlanta
1st Corp. Hardy G. H. Magee — wounded at Murfreesboro and captured at Missionary Ridge
2nd Corp. John Everly Holden not re-elected was 2nd Lt.; later served in Youngblood’s Signal; was a physician and later a judge; had his servants Ale and Blackman with him
3rd Corp. John A. Higginbotham — wounded at Shiloh; killed at Murfreesboro, Medal of Honor
4th Corp. Elias Green — did not muster; transferred to Co. E 4th Louisiana

Eugene E. Adams — wounded at Atlanta and lost a leg; became circuit clerk of Franklin Co.
George M. Adams — captured at Missionary Ridge; exchanged March 1865
David Leroy Aldridge — discharged; later served in Youngblood’s Signal and in the Cavalry
Manfield L. Aldridge — transferred to sharpshooters; was later Deputy Sheriff
John B. Allred — from 44th Miss to Co. A; transferred to Co. K
Charles Arnold - captured in Kentucky and exchanged; killed at Missionary Ridge
Ira Amasa Austin — died of wounds at Murfreesboro; born at Point Coupee Louisiana
Charles W. Beam — discharged as fifteen year old; joined Co. I 4th Cavalry
Soloman J. Beck — from Co. E; discharged; joined Co. I 14th Confederate Cavalry
James P. Bennett - wounded at Shiloh; surrendered in North Carolina
Jesse D. Bennett — wounded at Missionary Ridge and Atlanta; surrendered in N. C.
Micajah P. Bennett — wounded at Murfreesboro; missing at Atlanta
James M. Bovard — died at Bar St. Louis of pneumonia
Charles Brewerton — not mustered; a forty year old painter from England
Barnett Broadnitz — discharged Oct. 1861; joined Co. F 1st Artillery; born in Europe
William K. Brown — killed at Shiloh; Kentucky born shoemaker
William Prater/Prather Buckles — captured and exchanged in Ky; captured at Missionary Ridge
Joseph S. Buie — not mustered; joined Co. C 33rd Regiment
William B. Buie — became surgeon; resigned Dec. 1862
Blanchard D. Butler — discharged; served in 14th and 23rd Cavalry
Thomas Byrd - died Oct 1861 of pneumonia
Thomas Jefferson Byrd — discharged 1861; enlisted in 14th cavalry
Winston W. B. Byrd — surrendered as 4th Corporal in North Carolina
George W. Cain — had leave and was captured in Alabama on way back
Hardy H. Cain wounded at Shiloh and Murfreesboro; accidentally killed in Alabama
William T. Calert, Jr. — killed at Murfreesboro in the first charge
Bryant M. Caraway — wounded at Shiloh and Murfreesboro; surrendered at Citronelle, AL
William B. Carraway - wounded at Shiloh; in hospital on last roll
William S. Cassidy — not mustered, enlisted Co. F 2nd Militia and Co. I 14th Confederate Cavalry
Jasper N. Chambers — died Jan. 23, 1863 at Shelbyville, TN
John Chambers — wounded Chickamauga; surrendered in North Carolina
Henry M. Cloy — died of pneumonia at Oxford (Grave located)
Richard M. Cloy — wounded at Shiloh and Atlanta; surrendered in North Carolina
Zachariah Reeves Cloy — captured in Kentucky and exchanged; on last roll; died 1902
Joseph Robert Cotton — transferred from another unit; died in TN
William Van Cotton — became 2nd Lt. wounded at Atlanta; various hospitals
Walter Courtney — captured at Missionary Ridge
Zachariah Monroe Coward — captured at Missionary Ridge; died in 1909 at Kirby
Jacob J. Cox — transferred to Co. D 19th Mississippi
Octairous H. Cox — not mustered; joined another company
George McD. Crosby — transferred to Co. K; born in Alabama
Wm. M. Crosby — various hospitals; paroled in Alabama; born in Monroe Co. AL
Frances B. Cruise — died of typhoid Apr. 1862 (probably Shiloh wound)
Samuel Cruise — from Co. K; died of typhoid (probably Shiloh wound)
Thomas S. Cruise — discharged July 1862 ‘dead”
Isaac J. Davis - from another company; furloughed and dropped
John L. P. Dixon - ran off and hid; Louisiana pension
Thomas Alexander Ducker - died of typhoid (probably Shiloh wound)
Thomas Ephraim Dixon — furlough; joined Co. A 14th Confederate Cavalry
Jesse T. Evans — from another company; wounded and captured at Missionary Ridge
John K Ford — sick furlough and then hid out; born in GA
Rufus R Ford — wounded at Shiloh and Mumfordville; transferred to 3rd Engineers
William H Freeman - wounded Shiloh and Atlanta; surrendered in North Carolina
Charles H. Gammill — transferred to 3rd Confederate Engineers
Thomas Wesley Gammill — lost leg at Shiloh and died
Wade H Golden/Gaulden — on last roll Aug. 186?; a school teacher
John M Gill - on last roll Aug. 1864
Joseph Glack — surrendered in Ala; born Warsaw Poland; residence New Orleans
Jefferson L Godbold — captured at Missionary Ridge and died in prison Grave located
Benjamin F Grant — captured Missionary Ridge and paroled; paroled at Jackson
Edward 0. Grigsby — on roll Aug. 1862—July 1863 as Assistant Surgeon; 9th Miss
John F Gunter — transferred to 44th Mississippi
John F Hall — transferred to Navy; deserted at New Orleans; from Mass.
Leonardis Ransom Hall — discharged for disability; married widow of D. C. Graham
*Samuel D. Harris — a captain in 7th Miss Battalion; captured in Al
*Thomas Head — from Calhoun County
*J M Helton — captured at Gettysburg; died in prison
Henry Hemelscompt — discharged as 46 year old native of Obbue, Germany; joined the artillery
Benjamin C. Herrington — discharged; joined Co. I 14th Confederate Cavalry
Merrick Herrington - died at Brandon; born in KT
William S. Higginbotham , severely hurt in railroad accident; Co. B 14th Confederate Cavalry (Grave located)
Lewis N. Hollinger — got a substitute; then enlisted in Co. D 33rd Mississippi
Gaston C. Holloway — died of wounds at Atlanta
Ferdinand C. Huff — transferred to be with his father in Co. K
Ira B Hull — did not muster (probably joined another company)
Henry J N Hunt — transferred to Co. D 19th Mississippi
Henderson D. Hunt — wounded at Murfreesboro; wounded and captured at Missionary Ridge
Thomas J Hunt — did not muster; enlisted in “Dixie Guards” Co. H 39th Mississippi
Thomas R Hunt - killed at Missionary Ridge
Thomas F Johnson - discharged and joined Co. K 1st Mississippi Artillery
James M Jones, Jr. — surrendered at Meridian; son of probate judge
John D Jones — wounded at Murfreesboro; missing at Chickamauga
William G Jones - hurt in collision on railroad in Alabama; discharged; Co. D 14th Cavalry
John Marion Kinnison - killed at Shiloh
David V. Lard/Laird — not mustered; Co. B 14th Cavalry
William J Laughman - captured in KY; paroled; went home sick
*John Lavell - captured at Antietam; Army of Northern Virginia
James Alexander Lee — transferred to Co. E as 1st lieutenant (Grave Located)
Wyatt B. Lee - died at Oxford of typhoid (probably wounded at Shiloh)
Charles Adelbert Lehmann — transferred to Co. B 19th Mississippi (my (Hadskey's) great grandfather)
Elisha V. Lewis — wounded at Murfreesboro; on last roll (one of his descendants married my sister)
George W. Lewis — discharged Sept. 1862; born in Faxxola Co.
William Jackson Lewis — did not return from leave, Confederate report stated that “he was at home in Franklin County secreting himself from enrolling and conscript officers”. In an old ledger in the court house it showed that he was hung. This is untrue as he died in Franklin Co. in 1903. It is a fact that several lads ran off from various units and hid out in Franklin County. Captain William Porter of Co. I 14th Confederate Cavalry caught some of them, tied their hands behind their backs, put a rope around their necks and made them keep up behind the trotting cavalry. We have always heard that one fell down and was strangled to death. Ole Bill Porter was a special nemesis to absentees in Franklin County.
Levi P Lyons — killed at Atlanta
Alva A Magee — wounded at Murfreesboro and Chickamauga; captured in GA
John Kinnison Magee — killed at Shiloh; was a mason from Hamburg
Edward Moreau - killed at Shiloh; was a Russian born shoemaker
C N Maxwell — Sergeant Major; captured at Selma, AL
Charles McCaa — was also on Co. K rolls; enlisted in 23rd Battalion of Cavalry
Alexander McDonald — transferred to 3rd confederate Engineers; born in Scotland
Ellison C. McManus - transferred to Co. K
*E. McMarks — 7th Mississippi Battalion; captured at Selma, AL; 31st Mississippi ‘
William T. Meeks — 7th Mississippi Battalion; captured at Marietta, GA
James M. Melton — wounded and captured at Resaca, GA
Henry H. Meredith — discharged; 2nd Militia
Thomas J Meredith — wounded at Murfreesboro and Missionary Ridge
William S Miley — discharged; enlisted in Co. B 33rd Mississippi
John B Mock — from another company; on last roll
Abner T. Montgomery — not mustered; enlisted Co. F 2nd Battalion of State Troops
J W Moore — discharged Dec. 1861
William B. Moore — transferred to Sharpshooters
Alfred Morgan - died of dropsy
Levi Morgan — captured at Missionary Ridge; exchanged Mar. 1865; his wife Malissa wrote that he died a Rebel at McComb City on May 31, 1909
*Murray Jackson — from Sunflower Co.
Marcus Myers - disability discharge; a German peddler
Elisha W. Nettles — discharged at Shelbyville, TN
David Hosteen — transferred to Co. D 19th Mississippi
Rankin Pate - killed at Shiloh
Thomas M. Pickett — missing at Atlanta; killed or died in prison
William W Poole — shown on sick leave Oct. 1861
Samuel O. Porter - wounded at Murfreesboro; surrendered in North Carolina
*Nathaniel Potts — from Calhoun County
Benjamin J. Price - captured wounded at Franklin, TN
Robert A. Rawls — transferred to sharpshooters; lost a leg
Jesse Rials — enlisted Co. 0 33rd Mississippi
William Wesley Roberts — died of typhoid at home
Alfred Renfrew — not mustered ‘dead’
Benjamin Hogan Riggs — Assistant Surgeon Jan. 18, 1863 to capture at Jonesboro, GA
Washington L Roberts — died of pneumonia in KY; was a doctor
Edward F Robertson — discharged for Shiloh wounds; enlisted Powers Cavalry
Robert Rogers — enlisted in TN Sept. 11, 1862; ran off the next month; a Georgian
S E Rumble — Quartermaster Captain Sept. 27, 1861—Dec. 18, 1862
James F Rush — captured at Nashville
Thomas Ryan — transferred to 3rd Confederate Engineers; an Irish brickmason
John A. Sample — discharged; joined Co. B 14th Confederate Cavalry; born in Indiana
John B Sanders — did not muster
Samuel L. Scott — wounded at Murfreesboro and Atlanta; lost leg and sent home
Marcus Silverburg — discharged as foreigner; Polish born tailor
Christopher C. Strait — transferred to sharpshooters
Leonard. Sylvester Strait — from another company; captured at Nashville
Daniel W. Swazie/Swayzie — discharged; joined Co. I 1st Mississippi Artillery
Archibald S. Taylor — died in TN
Benjamin F. Temple — discharged; enlisted Co. B 14th Confederate Cavalry
Lloyd A. Temple — died in service
Rowan Temple — not mustered
W P Thompson - death claim in Feb. 1864
Thomas Turner — Assistant Surgeon from 41st Mississippi May—Dec 1863
James Hardy Wactor - from another regiment; died in GA
Louis Walter - not mustered
William Washington - paroled at Montgomery, AL
Thomas A. White — transferred to Co. K
James Whittington — died of measles at Columbus, MS
Joseph W Whittington — killed at Mumfordville, Ky.
Leander J Whittington — transferred to Co. K
Stanmore R. Whittington; died of Shiloh wounds; son of Martin Whittington
Joseph B Wilkinson — discharged as forty year old; born in Missouri
John A Zumbro — surrendered in North Carolina

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